Obesity and Diabetes On The Rise
The startling facts right here at home show the rise in obesity accounts for 31% of the anticipated increase in diabetes in the Republic of Ireland. It is estimated that about 70% of adults and about 24% of children and teens are now either overweight or obese. According to the Irish Heart Foundation, 27 lives are lost to heart disease and stroke every day in Ireland. Our country is in the worst shape in its history.
“Overweight” is clinically defined by a Body Mass Index (BMI) — a measure relating height and weight — of 25 to 29.9, and “obese” by a BMI of 30 and above.
Recent figures predict 89 per cent of Irish men and 85 per cent of Irish women will be overweight or obese by 2030, putting us at the top of an “overweight” table of 53 countries.
The prevalence of diabetes is currently at an all-time high in Ireland. Diabetes is a condition whereby, simply put, sugar is not properly absorbed by the body. There are two main categories of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body produces little or no insulin. This condition usually occurs in childhood or early adult life and requires treatment with daily insulin injections. It is caused by the body’s own immune system destroying the insulin making beta cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood. It is diagnosed when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (reduced insulin production or the cells of the body do not respond to insulin effectively (known as insulin resistance) Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adults over the age of 45 years but sadly, is increasingly occurring in younger age groups including children, adolescents and young adults.
The condition is more likely to occur in people with a family history of type 2 diabetes. For some, the first sign may be the most feared complication of diabetes; a heart attack, whereas others might be lucky enough to notice vision problems or a foot ulcer first.
To find out more about chronic disease prevention through exercise and nutrition or for more information on the nutrition courses at Rogue Institute give the team a call on 021 4777538